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Ivermectin uses and side effects

Today I will talk about the active substance Ivermectin uses and side effects

Ivermectin is a medication that is effective against many types of parasites.
 It is used to treat head lice,
 scabies,[3] river blindness,
 strongyloidiasis,
 and lymphatic filariasis, among others.
 It can be either applied to the skin or taken by mouth. The eyes should be avoided.


Common side effects include red eyes, dry skin, and burning skin.[2] It is unclear if it is safe for use during pregnancy, but is likely acceptable for use during breastfeeding.
 It is in the avermectin family of medications and works by causing an increase in permeability of cell membrane resulting in paralysis and death of the parasite.




Ivermectin was discovered in 1975 and came into medical use in 1981.
 It is on the World Health Organization's List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system.[9] The wholesale cost in the developing world is about US$0.12 for a course of treatment.
 In the United States it costs $25–50.[5] In other animals it is used to prevent and treat heartworm among other diseases

Medical uses

Ivermectin is a broad-spectrum antiparasitic agent, traditionally against parasitic worms. It is mainly used in humans in the treatment of onchocerciasis (river blindness), but is also effective against other worm infestations (such as strongyloidiasis, ascariasis, trichuriasis, filariasis and enterobiasis), and some epidermal parasitic skin diseases, including scabies.

Ivermectin is currently being used to help eliminate river blindness (onchocerciasis) in the Americas, and to stop transmission of lymphatic filariasis and onchocerciasis around the world in programs sponsored by the Carter Center using ivermectin donated by Merck.
 The disease is common in 30 African countries, six Latin American countries, and Yemen.[14] The drug rapidly kills microfilariae, but not the adult worms. A single oral dose of ivermectin, taken annually for the 10–15-year lifespan of the adult worms, is all that is needed to protect the individual from onchocerciasis